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PureFTPd с юзерами в MySQL

Сентября
2011 года
26
Теги: freebsd,
Раздел: odmin.info Статьи FreeBSD PureFTPd с юзерами в MySQL
Просмотров: 2714
В этой статье я расскажу о том, как поднять FTP сервер PureFTPd с аутентификацией юзеров через БД MySQL, по умолчанию считается, что MySQL уже установлен и настроен. Если нет то, курим инфу по его установке и настройке, статью об этом я напишу позже.
Собираем из портов PureFTPd, предварительно отконфигурировав опции сборки:


# cd /usr/ports/ftp/pure-ftpd
# make config
Выбираем подержку MySQL!
# make install clean
Теперь нам нужно отредактировать pure-ftpd.conf, который находится в /usr/local/etc
Листинг pure-ftpd.conf
############################################################
# #
# Configuration file for pure-ftpd wrappers #
# #
############################################################

# If you want to run Pure-FTPd with this configuration
# instead of command-line options, please run the
# following command :
#
# /usr/local/sbin/pure-config.pl /usr/local/etc/pure-ftpd.conf
#
# Please don't forget to have a look at documentation at
# http://www.pureftpd.org/documentation.shtml for a complete list of
# options.

# Cage in every user in his home directory

ChrootEveryone yes



# If the previous option is set to "no", members of the following group
# won't be caged. Others will be. If you don't want chroot()ing anyone,
# just comment out ChrootEveryone and TrustedGID.

# TrustedGID 100



# Turn on compatibility hacks for broken clients

BrokenClientsCompatibility no



# Maximum number of simultaneous users

MaxClientsNumber 50



# Fork in background

Daemonize yes



# Maximum number of sim clients with the same IP address

MaxClientsPerIP 2



# If you want to log all client commands, set this to "yes".
# This directive can be duplicated to also log server responses.

VerboseLog no



# List dot-files even when the client doesn't send "-a".

DisplayDotFiles no



# Don't allow authenticated users - have a public anonymous FTP only.

AnonymousOnly no



# Disallow anonymous connections. Only allow authenticated users.

NoAnonymous yes



# Syslog facility (auth, authpriv, daemon, ftp, security, user, local*)
# The default facility is "ftp". "none" disables logging.

SyslogFacility ftp



# Display fortune cookies

# FortunesFile /usr/share/fortune/zippy



# Don't resolve host names in log files. Logs are less verbose, but
# it uses less bandwidth. Set this to "yes" on very busy servers or
# if you don't have a working DNS.

DontResolve yes



# Maximum idle time in minutes (default = 15 minutes)

MaxIdleTime 1



# LDAP configuration file (see README.LDAP)

# LDAPConfigFile /etc/pureftpd-ldap.conf



# MySQL configuration file (see README.MySQL)

MySQLConfigFile /usr/local/etc/pureftpd-mysql.conf
# Включаем поддержку MySQL

# Postgres configuration file (see README.PGSQL)

# PGSQLConfigFile /etc/pureftpd-pgsql.conf


# PureDB user database (see README.Virtual-Users)

# PureDB /etc/pureftpd.pdb


# Path to pure-authd socket (see README.Authentication-Modules)

# ExtAuth /var/run/ftpd.sock



# If you want to enable PAM authentication, uncomment the following line

# PAMAuthentication yes



# If you want simple Unix (/etc/passwd) authentication, uncomment this

# UnixAuthentication yes



# Please note that LDAPConfigFile, MySQLConfigFile, PAMAuthentication and
# UnixAuthentication can be used only once, but they can be combined
# together. For instance, if you use MySQLConfigFile, then UnixAuthentication,
# the SQL server will be asked. If the SQL authentication fails because the
# user wasn't found, another try # will be done with /etc/passwd and
# /etc/shadow. If the SQL authentication fails because the password was wrong,
# the authentication chain stops here. Authentication methods are chained in
# the order they are given.



# 'ls' recursion limits. The first argument is the maximum number of
# files to be displayed. The second one is the max subdirectories depth

LimitRecursion 2000 8



# Are anonymous users allowed to create new directories ?

AnonymousCanCreateDirs no



# If the system is more loaded than the following value,
# anonymous users aren't allowed to download.

MaxLoad 4



# Port range for passive connections replies. - for firewalling.

# PassivePortRange 30000 50000



# Force an IP address in PASV/EPSV/SPSV replies. - for NAT.
# Symbolic host names are also accepted for gateways with dynamic IP
# addresses.

# ForcePassiveIP 192.168.0.1



# Upload/download ratio for anonymous users.

# AnonymousRatio 1 10



# Upload/download ratio for all users.
# This directive superscedes the previous one.

# UserRatio 1 10



# Disallow downloading of files owned by "ftp", ie.
# files that were uploaded but not validated by a local admin.

AntiWarez no



# IP address/port to listen to (default=all IP and port 21).

# Bind 127.0.0.1,21



# Maximum bandwidth for anonymous users in KB/s

# AnonymousBandwidth 8



# Maximum bandwidth for *all* users (including anonymous) in KB/s
# Use AnonymousBandwidth *or* UserBandwidth, both makes no sense.

# UserBandwidth 8



# File creation mask. : .
# 177:077 if you feel paranoid.

Umask 133:022



# Minimum UID for an authenticated user to log in.

MinUID 100



# Allow FXP transfers for authenticated users.

AllowUserFXP no



# Allow anonymous FXP for anonymous and non-anonymous users.

AllowAnonymousFXP no



# Users can't delete/write files beginning with a dot ('.')
# even if they own them. If TrustedGID is enabled, this group
# will have access to dot-files, though.

ProhibitDotFilesWrite no



# Prohibit *reading* of files beginning with a dot (.history, .ssh...)

ProhibitDotFilesRead no



# Never overwrite files. When a file whoose name already exist is uploaded,
# it get automatically renamed to file.1, file.2, file.3, ...

AutoRename no



# Disallow anonymous users to upload new files (no = upload is allowed)

AnonymousCantUpload yes



# Only connections to this specific IP address are allowed to be
# non-anonymous. You can use this directive to open several public IPs for
# anonymous FTP, and keep a private firewalled IP for remote administration.
# You can also only allow a non-routable local IP (like 10.x.x.x) to
# authenticate, and keep a public anon-only FTP server on another IP.

#TrustedIP 10.1.1.1



# If you want to add the PID to every logged line, uncomment the following
# line.

#LogPID yes



# Create an additional log file with transfers logged in a Apache-like format :
# fw.c9x.org - jedi [13/Dec/1975:19:36:39] "GET /ftp/linux.tar.bz2" 200 21809338
# This log file can then be processed by www traffic analyzers.

# AltLog clf:/var/log/pureftpd.log



# Create an additional log file with transfers logged in a format optimized
# for statistic reports.

# AltLog stats:/var/log/pureftpd.log



# Create an additional log file with transfers logged in the standard W3C
# format (compatible with most commercial log analyzers)

# AltLog w3c:/var/log/pureftpd.log



# Disallow the CHMOD command. Users can't change perms of their files.

NoChmod yes



# Allow users to resume and upload files, but *NOT* to delete them.

#KeepAllFiles yes



# Automatically create home directories if they are missing

#CreateHomeDir yes



# Enable virtual quotas. The first number is the max number of files.
# The second number is the max size of megabytes.
# So 1000:10 limits every user to 1000 files and 10 Mb.

#Quota 1000:10



# If your pure-ftpd has been compiled with standalone support, you can change
# the location of the pid file. The default is /var/run/pure-ftpd.pid

#PIDFile /var/run/pure-ftpd.pid



# If your pure-ftpd has been compiled with pure-uploadscript support,
# this will make pure-ftpd write info about new uploads to
# /var/run/pure-ftpd.upload.pipe so pure-uploadscript can read it and
# spawn a script to handle the upload.

#CallUploadScript yes



# This option is useful with servers where anonymous upload is
# allowed. As /var/ftp is in /var, it save some space and protect
# the log files. When the partition is more that X percent full,
# new uploads are disallowed.

MaxDiskUsage 70



# Set to 'yes' if you don't want your users to rename files.

#NoRename yes



# Be 'customer proof' : workaround against common customer mistakes like
# 'chmod 0 public_html', that are valid, but that could cause ignorant
# customers to lock their files, and then keep your technical support busy
# with silly issues. If you're sure all your users have some basic Unix
# knowledge, this feature is useless. If you're a hosting service, enable it.

CustomerProof yes



# Per-user concurrency limits. It will only work if the FTP server has
# been compiled with --with-peruserlimits (and this is the case on
# most binary distributions) .
# The format is : :
# For instance, 3:20 means that the same authenticated user can have 3 active
# sessions max. And there are 20 anonymous sessions max.

# PerUserLimits 3:20



# When a file is uploaded and there is already a previous version of the file
# with the same name, the old file will neither get removed nor truncated.
# Upload will take place in a temporary file and once the upload is complete,
# the switch to the new version will be atomic. For instance, when a large PHP
# script is being uploaded, the web server will still serve the old version and
# immediatly switch to the new one as soon as the full file will have been
# transfered. This option is incompatible with virtual quotas.

# NoTruncate yes



# This option can accept three values :
# 0 : disable SSL/TLS encryption layer (default).
# 1 : accept both traditional and encrypted sessions.
# 2 : refuse connections that don't use SSL/TLS security mechanisms,
# including anonymous sessions.
# Do _not_ uncomment this blindly. Be sure that :
# 1) Your server has been compiled with SSL/TLS support (--with-tls),
# 2) A valid certificate is in place,
# 3) Only compatible clients will log in.

# TLS 1



# Listen only to IPv4 addresses in standalone mode (ie. disable IPv6)
# By default, both IPv4 and IPv6 are enabled.

IPV4Only yes



# Listen only to IPv6 addresses in standalone mode (ie. disable IPv4)
# By default, both IPv4 and IPv6 are enabled.

# IPV6Only yes

# UTF-8 support for file names (RFC 2640)
# Define charset of the server filesystem and optionnally the default charset
# for remote clients if they don't use UTF-8.
# Works only if pure-ftpd has been compiled with --with-rfc2640

FileSystemCharset koi8-r
ClientCharset cp1251
# Это необходимо для того, чтобы в виндовском фтп-клиенте
# имена отображались на нормальном русском
Затем переходим к редактированию pureftpd-mysql.conf:
Листинг pureftpd-mysql.conf
##############################################
# #
# Sample Pure-FTPd Mysql configuration file. #
# See README.MySQL for explanations. #
# #
##############################################


# Optional : MySQL server name or IP. Don't define this for unix sockets.

# MYSQLServer 127.0.0.1


# Optional : MySQL port. Don't define this if a local unix socket is used.

# MYSQLPort 3306


# Optional : define the location of mysql.sock if the server runs on this host.

MYSQLSocket /tmp/mysql.sock


# Mandatory : user to bind the server as.

MYSQLUser pureftpd
# Пользователь БД (в мускуле создадим этого юзера)


# Mandatory : user password. You must have a password.

MYSQLPassword 123123
# Пароль для пользователя pureftpd

# Mandatory : database to open.

MYSQLDatabase pureftpd
# Имя базы в которую будем писать логины фтп-акков

# Mandatory : how passwords are stored
# Valid values are : "cleartext", "crypt", "md5" and "password"
# ("password" = MySQL password() function)
# You can also use "any" to try "crypt", "md5" *and* "password"

MYSQLCrypt cleartext


# In the following directives, parts of the strings are replaced at
# run-time before performing queries :
#
# \L is replaced by the login of the user trying to authenticate.
# \I is replaced by the IP address the user connected to.
# \P is replaced by the port number the user connected to.
# \R is replaced by the IP address the user connected from.
# \D is replaced by the remote IP address, as a long decimal number.
#
# Very complex queries can be performed using these substitution strings,
# especially for virtual hosting.


# Query to execute in order to fetch the password

MYSQLGetPW SELECT Password FROM users WHERE User="\L" AND active="1"


# Query to execute in order to fetch the system user name or uid

MYSQLGetUID SELECT uid FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : default UID - if set this overrides MYSQLGetUID

#MYSQLDefaultUID 1000


# Query to execute in order to fetch the system user group or gid

MYSQLGetGID SELECT gid FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : default gid - if set this overrides MYSQLGetGID

#MYSQLDefaultGID 1000


# Query to execute in order to fetch the home directory

MYSQLGetDir SELECT home FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : query to get the maximal number of files
# Pure-FTPd must have been compiled with virtual quotas support.

MySQLGetQTAFS SELECT QuotaFiles FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : query to get the maximal disk usage (virtual quotas)
# The number should be in Megabytes.
# Pure-FTPd must have been compiled with virtual quotas support.

MySQLGetQTASZ SELECT QuotaSize FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : ratios. The server has to be compiled with ratio support.

MySQLGetRatioUL SELECT ULRatio FROM users WHERE User="\L"
MySQLGetRatioDL SELECT DLRatio FROM users WHERE User="\L"


# Optional : bandwidth throttling.
# The server has to be compiled with throttling support.
# Values are in KB/s .

MySQLGetBandwidthUL SELECT ULBandwidth FROM users WHERE User="\L"
MySQLGetBandwidthDL SELECT DLBandwidth FROM users WHERE User="\L"

# Enable ~ expansion. NEVER ENABLE THIS BLINDLY UNLESS :
# 1) You know what you are doing.
# 2) Real and virtual users match.

# MySQLForceTildeExpansion 1


# If you upgraded your tables to transactionnal tables (Gemini,
# BerkeleyDB, Innobase...), you can enable SQL transactions to
# avoid races. Leave this commented if you are using the
# traditionnal MyIsam databases or old (< 3.23.x) MySQL versions.

# MySQLTransactions On
Для создания базы пользователей воспользуемся Navicat for MySQL
1. Создаем базу pureftpd
2. Создаем юзера pureftpd с паролем 123123
3. Даем юзеру права на базу
4. Выполняем в созданной базе pureftd.sql
5. Именяем данные пользователя "под себя", можем выставить квоты.
Добавим в /etc/rc.conf:
pureftpd_enable="YES"
Стартуем сервер:
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pureftpd start
Проверим, все должно работать! =)
P.S. И конечно же не забываем открыть на фаерволе 21й порт! =))
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